Sometimes, when you upgrade your linux distribution, some stuff gets a little bit messed up. And sometimes, it get more messed up. When weird stuff happens to your bootloader, everything you think you knew suddenly disappear, you don’t have access to internet, nothing work anymore, and usually you are in a hurry to use your computer. Take a deep breath, we are going to fix this.


Get a live USB key, I usually have an ubuntu somewhere, if you don’t, grab one, and put it on you usb key.

Live USB

first, type dmesg -w in your terminal then plug in the usb.

You should see something like that: dmesg

In my case, that means my usb key is on sda

Warning! Be really careful, you could lose data

Now download the linux distribution curl, then copy it on your usb key: sudo dd if=./ubuntu-20.04.3-desktop-amd64.iso of=/dev/sda bs=4M status=progress

And voilà!

Down the rabbit hole

Once you have booted on your usb key, you should be able to access your “real” filesystem in order to repair the bootloader.

Basically, we are going to mount the arborescence of your “real” machine on a subfolder of the current running linux, and chroot1 into it.

That’s where it will differ depending on your setup:

  • You could have encrypted your disk
  • You could have a dual boot with windows (my case)

So let’s create a folder first: sudo mkdir /mnt/fedora

Then we will mount our root filesystem into it: sudo mount /dev/mapper/fedora-root /mnt/fedora

Usually, you should have something under /mnt/fedora/boot. If you don’t you have a boot partition, you should mount it sudo mount /dev/nvme0n1p4 /mnt/fedora/boot

Since I have a dual boot, I have a dedicated efi partition at the begining of my disk, that I need to mount too: sudo mount /dev/nvme0n1p1 /mnt/fedora/boot/efi

Now we are going to mount a bunch of stuff from our live distribution, to be able to run commands once we are in the jail.

cd /mnt/fedora
sudo mount -o bind /dev dev
sudo mount -o bind /proc proc
sudo mount -o bind /sys sys
sudo mount -t tmpfs tmpfs tmp

Okey let’s go!

Let’s go into the chroot: sudo chroot /mnt/fedora

Warning! Backup your /boot/efi/EFI/fedora/grub.cfg

Regenerate a new grub: grub2-mkconfig -o /boot/efi/EFI/fedora/grub.cfg

Reboot without the usb key, it should work now.

  1. For change root, we will jail our process in the filesystem you just mounted